Typically, water vapor absorbs the greatest amount of solar radiation passing through the atmosphere, especially in the infrared region of the spectrum. Scattering of solar radiation within the atmosphere also accounts for a reduction of energy reaching Earth.
Which type of surface will absorb the most energy?
Dark-colored surfaces such as gravel and asphalt absorb most of the radiation and have low albedo values closer to 0. This also explains why darker-colored surfaces have higher temperatures.
Which type of surface reflects the greatest amount of electromagnetic energy from the Sun?
D) Ultraviolet and infrared radiation make up the greatest amount of electromagnetic energy reaching Earth’s surface. 27. The diagram below shows the types of electromagnetic energy given off by the Sun.
Which type of land surface will most likely absorb the greatest amount of incoming solar radiation?
Answer Expert Verified. The type of land surface that will most likely absorb the greatest amount of incoming solar radiation is a rough, dark-colored surface type of land. Black colored objects convert all the light wavelengths into heat, so it gets warmer.
What source does Earth receive the greatest amount of electromagnetic radiation?
Most of the energy that reaches the Earth’s surface comes from the Sun. About 44 percent of solar radiation is in the visible light wavelengths, but the Sun also emits infrared, ultraviolet, and other wavelengths.
What absorbs the most sunlight?
Darker colors tend to absorb more energy from the sun than objects with lighter colors. Someone wearing a white T-shirt in the summer will find that he is cooler than someone wearing a black or dark-colored shirt.
Which material is the best absorber radiator of energy?
- Dark matt surfaces are better at absorbing heat energy than light shiny surfaces.
- Dark matt surfaces are better at radiating heat energy than light shiny surfaces.
What color is the best radiator of electromagnetic energy?
Black is the best emitter because if something is black it means it’s strongly coupled to the electromagnetic field.
What is the primary source of energy for Earth’s weather systems?
Solar radiation is the fundamental energy driving our climate system, and nearly all climatic and biologic processes on Earth are dependent on solar input. Energy from the sun is essential for many processes on Earth including warming of the surface, evaporation, photosynthesis and atmospheric circulation.
What is a good radiator of electromagnetic waves?
A black body is a perfect theoretical radiator that absorbs 100% of all electromagnetic radiation that hits it. No electromagnetic radiation passes through it and none is reflected. The object appears completely black when it is cold because no light (visible electromagnetic radiation) is reflected or transmitted.
What land surface types reflect the most incoming radiation?
For example, land located over tropical regions can reflect more sunlight than tropical oceans. Clouds, especially, low, thick clouds, reflect incoming sunlight (shortwave radiation) back to space. High clouds reflect less solar radiation and trap longwave, infrared radiation (heat) re-radiated from Earth’s surface.
What does it mean for Earth to have a balanced energy budget why is it important?
Earth’s energy budget is vital in establishing the Earth’s climate. When the energy budget balances, the temperature on the Earth stays relatively constant, with no overall increase or decrease in average temperature.