PWRs use ordinary water as both coolant and moderator. The design is distinguished by having a primary cooling circuit which flows through the core of the reactor under very high pressure, and a secondary circuit in which steam is generated to drive the turbine.
Which of the following can be used as both as coolant and moderator?
Ordinary water is used as both as coolant and moderator in boiling water reactor and pressurized water is used as both as coolant and moderator in pressurized water reactor. 7.
Which is used as a moderator in nuclear reactor?
Hint: In a nuclear reactor, a process like nuclear fission occurs, where neutrons move very fast, so, water is used as a moderator to slow down the neutrons, so that the nuclear reaction sustains for efficient output.
Which gas is used as coolant in nuclear reactor?
The coolants used for nuclear reactors consist of gaseous coolants such as helium and carbon dioxide; liquid coolants, such as watef and deuterium; and liquified coolants, such as sodium, sodium-potassium (NaK) alloys, and polypheny Is.
Which reactor has 2 coolant in a working system?
A nuclear reactor coolant is a coolant in a nuclear reactor used to remove heat from the nuclear reactor core and transfer it to electrical generators and the environment. Frequently, a chain of two coolant loops are used because the primary coolant loop takes on short-term radioactivity from the reactor.
What is the main function of moderator?
Moderators are the substance that slows down the neutrons in nuclear reactors. Moderators are made up of materials with light nuclei that do not absorb the neutrons but slow down the speed of neutrons by a series of successive collisions.
What is the main function of moderator Sanfoundry?
Explanation: Function of moderator is to reduce the energy of fast neutrons to thermal neutrons.
What is the basic principle of regeneration?
What is the basic principle of regeneration? Explanation: In regeneration steam from condenser is circulated through turbine to increase steam temperature before it enters boiler. Explanation: Feedwater is preheated so as to decrease the fuel consumption which increases efficiency.
Is the most commonly used moderator?
Water (sometimes called “light water” in this context) is the most commonly used moderator (roughly 75% of the world’s reactors). Solid graphite (20% of reactors) and heavy water (5% of reactors) are the main alternatives.
How much energy does 1g of uranium produce?
The fission of 1 g of uranium or plutonium per day liberates about 1 MW. This is the energy equivalent of 3 tons of coal or about 600 gallons of fuel oil per day, which when burned produces approximately 1/4 tonne of carbon dioxide.
Which moderator is used in fast breeder reactor?
No moderator is used in the breeder reactor since fast neutrons are more efficient in transmuting U-238 to Pu-239. At this concentration of U-235, the cross-section for fission with fast neutrons is sufficient to sustain the chain-reaction.
Why is water a better moderator than graphite?
Water and carbon (graphite) are commonly used moderators. Water is a good moderator, but the hydrogens in the water molecule have a fairly high cross section for neutron capture, removing neutrons from the fission process. Heavy water, used as moderator in Canadian reactors, avoids this loss.
Why water is not used as coolant in fast breeder?
This makes it difficult to use water as a coolant for a fast reactor because the water tends to slow (moderate) the fast neutrons into thermal neutrons (although concepts for reduced moderation water reactors exist).
What is the difference between moderator and coolant?
The difference between coolant and moderator is as follows:
The coolant is a substance which is used as a conductor of heat it absorbs the thermal energy generated through fission whereas the moderator is a substance which slows down the speed of the fission reaction.