Reason for general shape: hollow structure is required through which hot air from the bottom, to a cooler top, which is at a lower pressure. More air flowing through the tower means better cooling, so a tower allowing more air to pass through is best (wider tower, more gaps at bottom).
What is the purpose of a cooling tower in a nuclear power plant?
A heat exchanger designed to aid in the cooling of water that was used to cool exhaust steam exiting the turbines of a power plant. Cooling towers transfer exhaust heat into the air instead of into a body of water.
Why are cooling towers tall?
The heat and the tower’s height create a natural draught. This pulls air in from the cavities at the base of the tower – called the throat – which cools the water to around 20°C as it cascades down the stack into a pond below. … These small losses are replenished with water taken from the Ouse.
Why are power plant chimneys so big?
A smokestack, stack, or chimney is a tall vertical pipe or channel used by power plants to exhaust combustion gases into the air. This height disperses pollutants over a wider area in order to minimize their impact. … Also, by building stacks higher than inversion layers the gas can be dispersed even more effectively.
Which type of cooling tower is more efficient?
The film type of fill is the more efficient and provides same heat transfer in a smaller volume than the splash fill. Cold water basin: The cold water basin, located at or near the bottom of the tower, receives the cooled water that flows down through the tower and fill.
What is wet cooling tower?
Wet Cooling Towers are those buildings where the water that was heated by industrial or power generation processes is cooled, again. The heat is given off to the environment. Wet cooling towers are an integral part of the thermodynamic circle. The water to be cooled is sprayed and distributed over the splash fills.
How much do cooling towers cost?
On average, cooling towers cost about $125,000 to replace. In the United States, a cooling tower replacement will typically cost between $50,000 and $200,000 for the year 2019. A commercial cooling tower will last between 15 and 20 years according to most manufacturers of commercial cooling towers.