What wire do I use for an electric water heater?

A 20-amp hot water heater requires 12-gauge wire, a 25-amp hot water heater requires 10-gauge wire, and a 30- to 40-amp hot water heater requires 8-gauge wire.

Can I use 10 3 wire for a hot water heater?

All you need is 2 insulated conductors and 1 ground conductor. Since you have already bought 10-3 cable, I would just cap off the white conductor at both ends and use the red and black conductors for your hot wires and the ground conductor to attach to the green screw on the water heater.

Can you use 12 2 wire for a water heater?

A 12-2 w/ground should be enough, although I would use a 10/2 for future “upgradability”. 10/2 is the standard cable for a water heater. Connect white to red. 12/2 would be insufficient for almost all water heaters.

What size wire do you need for a 220 hot water heater?

Basic Home Wiring

These cables come in many sizes and amperage ratings to accommodate different circuit needs, but you’ll probably use a 10-gauge for 30-amp NM cable for a 220V electric water heater.

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Can I use 10-2 wire for a water heater?

Most water heaters are wired with 10-2 w/Ground shielded cable. For long distances you may need to go with heavier wire. When you use this type of wire both the white and the black will serve as hot conductors. The bare ground wire will also be connected to the neutral lug.

Can you use 12 2 wire for 220?

The same 12-gauge wire can be used for a 220v, 20-amp outlet to run power tools. … You need a different type of receptacle and 10-gauge cable if the appliance draws 30 Amps.

What size wire do I need for a 50 gallon water heater?

The standard for water heater circuits is #10, two conductors with ground (10/2) and a 30 amp circuit breaker for a water heater. If you are running cable anyway, just run #10 and replace the breaker so it’s done right, once and for all.

How many amps does a 60 gallon water heater use?

Requires 240 volt electricity (a 30 amp breaker, with 10 gauge wire from the panel). Also available in a BC compliant model. Performance 60 Gal Electric Water Heater with 6 Year Warranty is rated 3.5 out of 5 by 6.

Can you use stranded wire for water heater?

You can use Greenfield (like BX) or liguid-tite. Both would be ok. The wiring can be solid or stranded. That must be a very slow recovery tank with only a 3K element.

Do electric water heaters require 220?

Voltage Requirements

Most electric hot water heaters operate on 220 to 250 volts AC. This voltage in homes requires a double circuit breaker rated for the amperage draw of the hot water heaters.

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What size breaker do I need for a 4500 W water heater?

30 Amp dual pole breaker and 10 Gage wire size are required for 4500 watt elements.

Does an electric water heater need to be grounded?

It should be noted that the National Electric Code does not require a bonding wire on a water heater. … Note that a plumbing system with PEX or other forms of plastic water supply pipe does not require any kind of electrical grounding.

Does a 240v water heater need a neutral?

A straight 240v load like a heat pump, AC compressor or a water heater do not require a neutral so 2 hots and a grounding means are all that is needed.