This proton gradient (gradient of H+) flowing through the membrane enzyme complex ATP synthetase is the direct energy source for producing ATP.
What is the direct source of energy for ATP synthase to phosphorylate ADP?
Question: In chemiosmosis, what is the most direct source of energy that is used to convert ADP and inorganic phosphate to ATP? A. Energy released from the movement of protons through ATP synthase, down their electrochemical gradient.
What complex of ATP synthase is responsible for the synthesis of ATP?
The human mitochondrial (mt) ATP synthase, or complex V (EC 3.6. 3.14) is the 5th multi subunit oxidative phosphorylation (OXPHOS) complex. It synthesizes ATP from ADP in the mitochondrial matrix using the energy provided by the proton electrochemical gradient (Capaldi et al.
What does ATP synthase do?
ATP synthase, also known as F1F ATPase, catalyses the formation of ATP (adenosine triphosphate) from ADP (adenosine diphosphate) and Pi (inorganic phosphate), in processes known as oxidative phosphorylation (driven by oxidations in animal cells and microorganisms) and photophosphorylation (driven by light in plant …
How much ATP is produced from glycolysis?
Glycolysis: Glucose ( 6 carbon atoms) is split into 2 molecules of pyruvic acid (3 carbons each). This produces 2 ATP and 2 NADH. Glycolysis takes place in the cytoplasm.
What drives the formation of ATP by ATP synthase quizlet?
gradient provides energy for production of ATP by ATP synthase.
What are the steps of ATP synthesis?
In general, the main energy source for cellular metabolism is glucose, which is catabolized in the three subsequent processes—glycolysis, tricarboxylic acid cycle (TCA or Krebs cycle), and finally oxidative phosphorylation—to produce ATP.