Electric potential difference, also known as voltage, is the external work needed to bring a charge from one location to another location in an electric field. Electric potential difference is the change of potential energy experienced by a test charge that has a value of +1 .
What is meant by electric potential?
Electric potential, the amount of work needed to move a unit charge from a reference point to a specific point against an electric field. Typically, the reference point is Earth, although any point beyond the influence of the electric field charge can be used.
What is electric potential and potential?
The electric potential (also called the electric field potential, potential drop, the electrostatic potential) is the amount of work energy needed to move a unit of electric charge from a reference point to the specific point in an electric field with negligible acceleration of the test charge to avoid producing …
What is electric potential of class 10th?
Electric potential (also called the electric field potential or the electrostatic potential) is the amount of work needed to move a unit positive charge from a reference point to a specific point inside the field without producing any acceleration.
What is SI unit of potential difference?
Units of potential difference are joules per coulomb, given the name volt (V) after Alessandro Volta. The familiar term voltage is the common name for electric potential difference. Keep in mind that whenever a voltage is quoted, it is understood to be the potential difference between two points.
What is the definition of electric potential in Class 10?
Electric potential is defined as work done on per unit charge. … unit of electric potential is Volt. 1 volt = 1 Joule/1 Coulomb. The electric potential is said to be 1 volt if 1 joule work is done in moving 1 coulomb charge. Electric potential is a scalar quantity.
Why is electric potential important?
The discussion of electric potential is important because we are always looking for convenient sources of energy. Since any two point charges exert a force of attraction or repulsion on each other, if one charge moves in the field of the other a distance dr under an average force F, the work done is equal to Fdr.
How electric potential is created?
In the electrochemical cells of a battery-powered electric circuit, the chemical energy is used to do work on a positive test charge to move it from the low potential terminal to the high potential terminal. Chemical energy is transformed into electric potential energy within the internal circuit (i.e., the battery).