Thermal. Most thermal power plants use fuel to heat up water from a reservoir, which generates steam(usually at a high pressure). The highly pressurized steam then travels through pipes to rotate the fan-like blades of a turbine (see Rankine cycle for more info).
What is the input of thermal power plant?
Most commonly thermal power refers to the heat input to a boiler in a power plant in order to generate electricity. In other contexts, it can be a measure of the output—such as the radiant heat given off by the Sun. For power plants, the thermal power input is measured in megawatts thermal (MWt).
What is the input to a power station?
A power plant takes an input of thermal power from the burning of a fuel such as coal or natural gas. The amount of thermal power input to a power plant is most often measured in units of megawatts thermal (MWt), whereas the electrical power output is measured in megawatts electric (MWe).
Which turbine is used in thermal power plant?
In order to match steam production to heat demand, there are three types of steam turbine in common use for CHP plants. These three are called a back pressure steam turbine, an extraction steam turbine and a condensing steam turbine. Each type will suit a different configuration of plant.
Which type of power plant is most efficient?
Hydro turbines, the oldest and the most commonly used renewable energy source, have the highest efficient of all power conversion process.