Fission is when a large nucleus divides into smaller nuclei releasing energy. Certain elements such as Uranium-235 can be made to fission easily. So, the answer is fusion produces more energy if it involves light elements and fission produces more energy if it involves heavy elements.
Which type of reaction releases the most energy fission or fusion?
Fission only produces more energy than it consumes in large nuclei (common examples are Uranium & Plutonium, which have around 240 nucleons (nucleon = proton or neutron)). Fusion only produces more energy than it consumes in small nuclei (in stars, Hydrogen & its isotopes fusing into Helium).
Does fusion release a lot of energy?
Fusion power is the power generated by nuclear fusion processes. In fusion reactions, two light atomic nuclei fuse together to form a heavier nucleus. In doing so, they release a comparatively large amount of energy that arises from the binding energy, creating an increase in temperature of the reactants.
Do all chemical reactions absorb energy and release energy?
All chemical reactions involve energy. However, not all chemical reactions release energy, as rusting and burning do. In some chemical reactions, energy is absorbed rather than released.
Did the system absorb or release energy?
endothermic: Heat is absorbed by the system from the surroundings. exothermic: Heat is released by the system into the surroundings. law of conservation of energy: In any physical or chemical process, energy is neither created nor destroyed.
Is fusion more powerful than fission?
Fusion occurs when two atoms slam together to form a heavier atom, like when two hydrogen atoms fuse to form one helium atom. This is the same process that powers the sun and creates huge amounts of energy—several times greater than fission.
Does fission or fusion produce more energy?
Abundant energy: Fusing atoms together in a controlled way releases nearly four million times more energy than a chemical reaction such as the burning of coal, oil or gas and four times as much as nuclear fission reactions (at equal mass).
Can fusion reactors explode?
Can fusion cause a nuclear accident? No, because fusion energy production is not based on a chain reaction, as is fission. Plasma must be kept at very high temperatures with the support of external heating systems and confined by an external magnetic field.
Does fusion require high temperatures?
First, fusion requires both extremely high temperatures to give hydrogen atoms enough energy to overcome repulsion between the protons. Energy from microwaves or lasers must be used to heat hydrogen atoms to the necessary temperatures.
What type of reaction releases energy and does not require initial energy to occur?
Endothermic reactions absorb energy, and exothermic reactions release energy. The law of conservation of energy states that matter cannot be created or destroyed. Whether a chemical reaction absorbs or releases energy, there is no overall change in the amount of energy during the reaction.
What energy is usually required to start a reaction?
Reactions require an input of energy to initiate the reaction; this is called the activation energy (EA). Activation energy is the amount of energy required to reach the transition state. The source of the activation energy needed to push reactions forward is typically heat energy from the surroundings.