What factors affect the amount of solar energy that reaches the earth’s surface quizlet?

What factors affect the amount of solar energy that reaches the Earth’s surface?

Latitude, climate, and weather patterns are major factors that affect insolation—the amount of solar radiation received on a given surface area during a specific amount of time. Locations in lower latitudes and in arid climates generally receive higher amounts of insolation than other locations.

How does solar energy reach the Earth’s surface?

Solar energy is generated by nuclear reactions within the body of the sun. This energy reaches the surface of the earth in the form of electromagnetic radiation. … This scattering is a random process, sending the radiation in all directions so that much goes directly back into space.

What are the three main factors that affect Earth’s solar budget?

Three factors. Solar input. The total solar influx, depending on distance from the sun, angle of the planet’s axis and solar activity. Albedo – or reflections of solar rays from the Earth and back into space.

What are the factors that affect the amount of solar radiation?

Seven factors affecting solar UV radiation

  • Solar elevation. Where the sun sits in the sky determines the level of UV radiation reaching us. …
  • Ozone. …
  • Cloud cover. …
  • Ground surface reflectivity. …
  • Altitude. …
  • Aerosols and pollutants. …
  • Direct and diffuse UV.
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What are the disadvantages of solar energy?


  • High upfront cost. …
  • The size of system is dependent on your available space. …
  • Requires sunny weather to work best. …
  • Manufacturing of solar panels can harm the environment. …
  • Low energy conversion rate. …
  • Cannot be used at night. …
  • Solar panels are fixed at their installed location.

What are the advantages and disadvantages of using solar energy?

Pros and Cons of Solar Energy

Advantages of Solar Energy Disadvantages of Solar Energy
Reduces Electricity Bills Weather Dependent
Diverse Applications Solar Energy Storage is Expensive
Low Maintenance Costs Uses a Lot of Space
Technology Development Associated with Pollution

What is the value of the solar constant?

Above the earth’s atmosphere, solar radiation has an intensity of approximately 1380 watts per square meter (W/m2). This value is known as the Solar Constant. At our latitude, the value at the surface is approximately 1000 W/m2 on a clear day at solar noon in the summer months.

What are the two factors that warms the earth?

Increases in carbon dioxide and methane in the atmosphere help to further warm the earth, and these gases are thought to have contributed to historical rapid warming events.

What would happen if most of Earth’s surface suddenly became covered with ice?

What would happen if most of Earth’s surface suddenly became covered with ice? –Earth would cool down because it would reflect more solar radiation. -Earth would cool down because it would absorb more solar radiation. … These gas molecules then re-release some of this heat back toward Earth’s surface, warming it.

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