Exposure to very high levels of radiation, such as being close to an atomic blast, can cause acute health effects such as skin burns and acute radiation syndrome (“radiation sickness”). It can also result in long-term health effects such as cancer and cardiovascular disease.
What are the health effects of nuclear waste?
Exposure to large amounts of radioactivity can cause nausea, vomiting, hair loss, diarrhea, hemorrhage, destruction of the intestinal lining, central nervous system damage, and death. It also causes DNA damage and raises the risk of cancer, particularly in young children and fetuses.
Which disease can be caused by the waste from nuclear plant?
As radioactive materials decay, they release particles that can damage the body and lead to cancer, particularly cesium-137 and iodine-131.
What is the problem with nuclear waste?
Nuclear energy produces radioactive waste
A major environmental concern related to nuclear power is the creation of radioactive wastes such as uranium mill tailings, spent (used) reactor fuel, and other radioactive wastes. These materials can remain radioactive and dangerous to human health for thousands of years.
What are 5 effects of radiation?
Radiation Effects on Humans
|5-20||Possible late effects; possible chromosomal damage.|
|20-100||Temporary reduction in white blood cells.|
|100-200||Mild radiation sickness within a few hours: vomiting, diarrhea, fatigue; reduction in resistance to infection.|
How long does nuclear waste last?
The radioactivity of nuclear waste naturally decays, and has a finite radiotoxic lifetime. Within a period of 1,000-10,000 years, the radioactivity of HLW decays to that of the originally mined ore. Its hazard then depends on how concentrated it is.
What is the best reason to use nuclear power?
One of the reasons we should use more nuclear energy is that it produces high amounts of electricity without damaging the environment and atmosphere. Nuclear power plants produce less pollution than many of our other current energy sources, including coal fire and natural gas plants.
Where is most nuclear waste stored?
Right now, all of the nuclear waste that a power plant generates in its entire lifetime is stored on-site in dry casks. A permanent disposal site for used nuclear fuel has been planned for Yucca Mountain, Nevada, since 1987, but political issues keep it from becoming a reality.
What does Japan do with nuclear waste?
Currently, Japan plans to store nuclear waste at a depository more than 300 meters underground for up to 100,000 years, at which point radiation levels will have fallen low enough to pose no risk to the environment.
How long for immune system to recover after radiation?
It might take from 10 days to many months for the immune system to recover completely. Surgery also breaks the skin and can damage mucous membranes and tissue under the skin, causing it to be exposed to germs.