Among ocean energy sources, OTEC is one of the continuously available renewable energy resources that could contribute to base-load power supply.
Is ocean thermal energy renewable or nonrenewable?
What is ocean energy? Ocean energy refers to all forms of renewable energy derived from the sea. There are three main types of ocean technology: wave, tidal and ocean thermal. All forms of energy from the ocean are still at an early stage of commercialisation.
Is OTEC energy renewable?
OTEC plants provide sustainable, renewable energy using nothing more than the heat found in ocean waters of the tropics. There are no fossil fuels or emissions, and because of the design of the plants, it’s also possible to create potable water during the process.
What are the disadvantages of ocean thermal energy?
Disadvantages of OTEC system
- Capital investment is very high.
- Conversion efficiency is very low about 3-4% due to small temperature difference in between the surface water and deep water.
- Low efficiency of these plants coupled with high capital cost and maintenance cost makes them uneconomical for small plants.
Is OTEC feasible?
Construction of OTEC plants and pipes in ocean may cause damage to onshore marine ecosystems and reefs. As this technology has been tested only in small-scale, it is not feasible for an energy company to invest in this project.
How many OTEC plants are there in the world?
How many types of OTEC plants are there? Explanation: There are three types of ocean thermal energy plants. They are closed cycle systems, open cycle ocean thermal energy conversion and hybrid ocean thermal energy conversion. Explanation: Closed cycle system uses the fluid having low boiling points.
Which alternative energy source do you think is more efficient?
Although there are many types of energy, the most efficient forms are renewable: hydro-thermal, tidal, wind, and solar. Solar energy has been proven to be the most efficient and effective among renewable energy sources for home and commercial use.