In a turbine generator, a moving fluid—water, steam, combustion gases, or air—pushes a series of blades mounted on a rotor shaft. The force of the fluid on the blades spins/rotates the rotor shaft of a generator. The generator, in turn, converts the mechanical (kinetic) energy of the rotor to electrical energy.
How does a generator work simple?
Electric generators work on the principle of electromagnetic induction. A conductor coil (a copper coil tightly wound onto a metal core) is rotated rapidly between the poles of a horseshoe type magnet. … When the coil rotates, it cuts the magnetic field which lies between the two poles of the magnet.
How do power plants generate electricity?
Nuclear power plants use heat produced during nuclear fission to heat water. … The heat produced during nuclear fission in the reactor core is used to boil water into steam, which turns the blades of a steam turbine. As the turbine blades turn, they drive generators that make electricity.
What type of generator is used at power station?
Complete answer: AC generators are used in the power stations. AC generator and DC generator both use electromagnetic induction to generate electricity.
How long does a generator work?
Portable generators typically do not last as long as stationary generators. Depending on the quality of the engine, you can expect a portable generator to last between 1000 and 2000 hours. That means if you run your portable generator an average of 100 hours per year, it will last between 10 and 20 years.
Why is nuclear energy bad?
Nuclear energy produces radioactive waste
A major environmental concern related to nuclear power is the creation of radioactive wastes such as uranium mill tailings, spent (used) reactor fuel, and other radioactive wastes. These materials can remain radioactive and dangerous to human health for thousands of years.
Does a generator make AC or DC?
While generators feature a stationary field in which the conductor rotates to produce electromagnetic induction, an alternator’s entire magnetic field turns with its conductors remaining stationary. Generators are capable of both AC and DC power.