So if 1 watt = 1 joule per second, it therefore follows that: 1 Joule of energy = 1 watt over one unit of time, that is: Work equals Power multiplied by Time, (V*I*t joules). So electrical energy (the work done) is obtained by multiplying power by the time in seconds that the charge (in the form of a current) flows.
What is the unit for electrical energy?
Electricity is measured in Watts and kilowatts
Electricity is measured in units of power called Watts, named to honor James Watt, the inventor of the steam engine. A Watt is the unit of electrical power equal to one ampere under the pressure of one volt. One Watt is a small amount of power.
How do you find the unit of energy?
When the Watt is multiplied by a unit of time, an energy unit is formed as follows: 1 Ws = 1 J. The use of the kilowatt-hour is more common: 1 kWh = 3600 kWs = 3.6 MJ. Besides the second [s] and the hour [h], the day [d] and the year [yr] are also used, with 1 yr = 365.2425 d = 31,556,952 s.
What is the efficiency formula?
Efficiency is often measured as the ratio of useful output to total input, which can be expressed with the mathematical formula r=P/C, where P is the amount of useful output (“product”) produced per the amount C (“cost”) of resources consumed.
What is work formula?
W = F × d. The dimension of work is the same as that of energy. It is given as, [ML²T^-²]. Unit of Work: The SI unit for the work is joule (J), and it is defined as the work done by a force of 1 Newton in moving an object for a distance of one unit meter in the direction of the force.
What is the cost of 1 unit?
A unit cost is a total expenditure incurred by a company to produce, store, and sell one unit of a particular product or service. Unit costs are synonymous with cost of goods sold (COGS). This accounting measure includes all of the fixed and variable costs associated with the production of a good or service.
What are 2 types of electricity?
Current electricity is a constant flow of electrons. There are two kinds of current electricity: direct current (DC) and alternating current (AC).
What is the best source of electrical energy?
Hydroelectric power, using the potential energy of rivers, is by far the best-established means of electricity generation from renewable sources. It may also be large-scale – nine of the ten largest power plants in the world are hydro, using dams on rivers.
What is electricity and its type?
There are two main types of electricity, Static Electricity, generated by rubbing two or more objects causing to build up friction, Current Electricity, generated by the flow of electrical charge through a conductor across an electrical field.