How did electric organs evolve?

Summary: Scientists have found how the electric fish’s jolt evolved. Biologists identified the regulatory molecules involved in the genetic and developmental pathways that electric fish have used to convert a simple muscle into an organ capable of generating a potent electrical field.

Where did electric organs in fishes come from?

So-called neurogenic electric organs arise from specialized axons originating in the spinal cord, while myogenic electric organs arise from transformed skeletal muscle, typically in the trunk region of the fish. Electrocytes employ mechanisms of electrical excitability similar to those of normal nerve and muscle cells.

How did electric eels evolve?

ELECTRIC EELS AND THEIR SUPERCHARGED MUSCLES

Between 100 and 200 million years ago, some fish began to amplify that potential. They evolved electrocytes from muscle cells, which were organised in sequence and capable of generating much higher voltages than those used to make muscles work.

Do humans have an electric organ?

Bioelectric organ, also called electric organ, system of tissues specialized for the production and use of electrical power in a living organism. … (Various other tissues and organs also possess the capacity to produce electricity—the skin of frogs and the heart, brain, and eye of higher animals including humans.)

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Why did electric fish evolve?

Scientists have found how the electric fish’s jolt evolved. Biologists identified the regulatory molecules involved in the genetic and developmental pathways that electric fish have used to convert a simple muscle into an organ capable of generating a potent electrical field.

Can you be killed by an electric eel?

Human deaths from electric eels are extremely rare. However, multiple shocks can cause respiratory or heart failure, and people have been known to drown in shallow water after a stunning jolt.

How many volts can a human sustain?

The human body has an inherent high resistance to electric current, which means without sufficient voltage a dangerous amount of current cannot flow through the body and cause injury or death. As a rough rule of thumb, more than fifty volts is sufficient to drive a potentially lethal current through the body.

Are electric eels immune to electricity?

Electric eels do endanger themselves by generating electricity. They frequently shock themselves. They electrocute other nearby electric eels, not in a fight but by accident. … An electric current through their heart will kill them instantly.

Does Torpedo have electric organ?

The torpedo electric organ, being composed of modified muscle cells, has proven highly useful in the neurobiological study of the neuromuscular junction. For example, agrin was first isolated from Torpedo.

What organ produces the most electricity?

May is the Month of the Brain, our most energy-consuming organs. Representing only 2% of the weight of an adult, the brain consumes 20% of the energy produced by the body.

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Where are electric eels found?

Electric eels live in slow-moving freshwater creeks and swamps in the north-east of South America, including the Amazon and Orinoco basins. While they resemble eels in appearance, they’re actually a type of fish, known as a knifefish.